Planning a Disaster Relief Mission: Storyboarding

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Students use a storyboard template to plan a disaster relief mission involving one of three scenarios: delivering water, delivering medical supplies, or rescuing injured people.

The storyboard template follows an engineering design process. Students should use labeled diagrams to break down, analyze, and communicate each of the necessary steps that will ensure a safe and successful disaster relief mission. Enough detail must be provided so that each storyboard serves as a complete and thoughtful plan of action for one of the three disaster relief scenarios.

This activity is designed to follow our UAV Challenge: Aerial Survey of a Disaster Area activity. If you wish to conduct this activity without first doing the Aerial Survey activity, you will need to modify the way you present the scenario to students to supply them with the necessary background information.

Learning Goals

Students learn an engineering problem-solving technique of taking a complex problem, breaking it down, and identifying a solution’s small, logical, and more manageable steps using a storyboard.

Activity Objectives

Students propose a solution to an engineering problem (one of three scenarios) through the use of a storyboard on which they will design a viable action plan.

Time

  • Preparation time: 15 minutes to review the activity
  • Class time: 60 minutes, including developing storyboards and presenting storyboards to the class.

Educational Standards

Next Generation Science Standards

Disciplinary Core Ideas

  • 3-5-ETS1 Engineering Design
  • MS-ETS1 Engineering Design
  • HS-ETS1 Engineering Design

Science and Engineering Practices

  • Asking Questions and Defining Problems: Define a design problem that can be solved through the development of an object, tool, process or system and includes multiple criteria* and constraints, including scientific knowledge** that may limit possible solutions. (MS-ETS1-1)

*criteria – deliver a payload to a target; time required to deliver a payload

**scientific knowledge - understanding of how mass affects the motion and maneuverability of the UAV; understanding of the pros and cons of different locations to place the "skyhook" on the UAV

Materials

For each pair of students

Preparation

  • Make copies of the storyboard template for each pair of students on ledger size paper
  • Make copies of the storyboard prompt for each pair of students

Two students explaining their UAV disaster storyboard

Directions

Explain the Challenge

  1. Explain that in this activity, students working in pairs will have the opportunity to use the information they collected during the Aerial Survey of a Disaster Area activity to plan one of three disaster relief scenarios.
  2. Students will use a storyboard template and are encouraged to use labeled drawings to convey each step thoroughly. The engineering design process should also be utilized as appropriate.
  3. Provide one scenario to each pair of students and ask that they read the scenario out loud.
    1. Delivering water
    2. Delivering medical supplies
    3. Rescuing injured people
  4. Distribute the storyboard template to each pair of students.
  5. Circulate among student pairs, and provide explanation and guidance to those that need assistance.
  6. Distribute the mathematics extension to students who finish in advance of others. The extension asks students to calculate flight times and to determine the battery life and carrying capacity of a UAV.
  7. Upon class completion of the activity, have each pair present their storyboard to the class. Encourage students to ask questions about the solutions presented and how the engineering design process informed each pair’s storyboard.
Process map of the Engineering Design Process. First. ask: what is the problem? How are you limited? Second, explore: What are some solution ideas? What have others done? Third, design: Choose the best solution. Plan. Gather materials. Fourth, create: Follow your plan. Make your solution. Fifth, test: Try out your solution. Sixth, improve: How did the solution work? What would make it better? Then start over again at ask to continue the process. Or, if your solution works, share it with others.

 

Figure 1. Illustration of one example of the engineering design process.

Reflection and Assessment

  • Which problem/scenario are you proposing to solve?
  • How did you decide which proposed solution was the best?
  • Does the designed solution address the problem?
  • Is there enough detail provided to solve the problem without further instruction?
  • What are some ways you would iterate to try to improve your solution?
  • Was there a step identified in your storyboard that was particularly challenging for your group? If so, what step was it?

Extension

Prior to completing the storyboard, students can be encouraged to think through a contingency analysis in case of possible complications and necessary adaptations to one’s storyboard action plan. The students’ list of contingency instructions can accompany their storyboard.

Credits

These activities were developed by John Ristvey, Randy Russell, and Teri Eastburn of the UCAR Center for Science Education. Special thanks go to Holly Devaul and Gerhard Salinger (project advisor) for their contributions to the activity.